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Hull Vane

Hull Vane

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Ecopoint

Ecopoint

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Photochemical Oxidation

Photochemical Oxidation

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Global Warming

Global Warming

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Ozone Layer Depletion

Ozone Layer Depletion

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Acidification

Acidification

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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PM10

PM10

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Water Scarcity Footprint

Water Scarcity Footprint

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Eutrophication

Eutrophication

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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NOx

NOx

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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SOx

SOx

Lorem ipsum:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus sagittis erat eu risus finibus aliquam. Integer blandit, magna non luctus pellentesque, mi lorem vestibulum metus, vel dictum erat leo a lorem. Proin in efficitur elit. Nulla ac eros lacinia, aliquam nunc id, consequat metus. Mauris eget massa felis. Vivamus ut hendrerit mi. Proin efficitur ipsum nec suscipit venenatis.

Integer nec vestibulum orci. Maecenas hendrerit mi eget vulputate imperdiet. Integer vel arcu sagittis, interdum metus nec, pharetra lacus. Nullam egestas velit vel ex eleifend varius. Quisque lacinia vitae lectus quis ultrices. In sit amet nisl luctus, lacinia ante at, dignissim libero.

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Hull Vane 2

Hull Vane 2

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 3

Hull Vane 3

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 4

Hull Vane 4

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 5

Hull Vane 5

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 6

Hull Vane 6

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 7

Hull Vane 7

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 8

Hull Vane 8

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary
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Hull Vane 9

Hull Vane 9

About the product:

The Hull Vane® is a patented submerged stern wing designed to reduce a displacement or semi-displacement ship’s resistance and motion in waves. Combining Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Hull Vane team in-depth knowledge of hydrodynamics, they can customise and optimise the design of the Hull Vane® to achieve the highest level of performance.

Improved environmental impact:

The Water Revolution Foundation LCA study following ISO 14040 and 14044 confirms that yachts equipped with the innovative submerged wing Hull Vane present a lower environmental impact when compared with the same yacht that does not have the submerged wing; in other words it possesses the Business As Usual (BAU) Hull Vane’s innovative solution demonstrates a 14-15% reduction across all environmental impact categories in comparison to the BAU.

LCA Summary

We continue our series on guiding you through Environmental Indicators relevant to a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology, this time diving into factors with a direct effect on the environment & human health (find part one of our series here: Climate Change indicators).

These indicators help assess the impact from three different aspects: the reaction of sunlight with emissions from fossil fuel combustion, the retreat of oxygen in freshwater systems and the consequential suffocation of its fauna and flora, and the reduction in the pH of the ocean. Let’s take a closer look:

Photochemical Oxidation Potential (POP)

On Earth, pollution mixed with heat and sunlight creates a concentration of Ozone (O3 gaz) in the atmosphere (stratosphere + troposphere). This gaseous element, when released in the stratosphere, acts like sunscreen for all living organisms, shielding the Earth’s surface from most of the sun’s UV light (unless it creates depletion in the atmospheric layer, see here for Ozone Depletion Potential). 

However, when this concentration remains at ground level in the troposphere, it affects the air that we breathe as humans and therefore starts becoming a health hazard. When inhaled, ozone reacts chemically with many biological molecules in the respiratory tract, leading to a number of adverse health effects.

We call this secondary air pollution Photochemical oxidation, also known as Summer Smog. Chemically speaking, photo-oxidant formation is a photochemical creation of reactive substances: it is formed in the atmosphere by nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the presence of sunlight, often the consequence of emissions from fossil fuel combustion. POP calculates the destructive effects of ozone in the troposphere over a time horizon of 100 years.

Eutrophication Potential (EP)

Eutrophication calculates the destructive effects of ammonia, nitrates, nitrogen oxides and phosphorus (emitted in air and waters) on freshwater systems. In inland waters, it is one of the major factors that determine the ecological quality of an aquatic environment.

This process of pollution occurs when a lake or stream becomes over-rich in plant nutrient – as a consequence, phytoplankton increases, and the water becomes overgrown in algae and other aquatic plants. The plants die and decompose, robbing the water of oxygen so that ultimately the lake, river, or stream becomes lifeless.

While eutrophication occurs naturally in freshwater systems, man-made eutrophication occurs over millions of years and is caused by organic pollutants from man’s activities, like effluents from industries and homes.

Acidification Potential (AP)

Acidification is an environmental problem caused by acidified rivers/streams and soil due to anthropogenic air pollutants such as ammonia, nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. When acids are emitted, the pH factor falls and acidity increases, which for example can involve the widespread decline of coniferous forests and dead fishes in lakes in Scandinavia.

In the ocean, we define acidification as a reduction of the pH over an extended period of time, and it is caused primarily by an uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere: the ocean absorbs the extra amount of CO2 emitted in our atmosphere. We are already observing this change in the deep ocean, especially at high latitudes.

It affects marine organisms, with a consequence on the ecosystems they belong to in and above water: disrupting the food chain (increase of the mobilisation and the leaching behaviour of heavy metals in soil), altered prey availability (for example, krill for whales), impact on habitats (lower pH destroys coral reefs), but also the amplification of noise pollution by a modification of the underwater acoustics.

As an indicator, Acidification Potential calculates the impact of the potential change in acidity in the soil due to the atmospheric deposition of sulfates, nitrates, phosphates, and other compounds.

Learn more

Get in touch with us at info@waterrevolutionfoundation.org to find out more about the scientific methodology used within our programmes and how you can get involved.

Discover the other indicators here: Part 1, Part 3, Part 4.